Table 1.

Review of reported fibrous septum revealed at angiography after stroke

AuthorsSexAge, yEthnic originVascular surgeryHistologic examination
FMD = fibromuscular dysplasia; + = presence; − = absence; ? = unknown.
Ehrenfeld et al.3 (1967)F57White++
Rainer et al.4 (1968)F30?++
Houser et al.2 (1971)???++
Lipchick et al.5 (1974)M50?+
M58?+
M72?++
M78?+
Osborn & Anderson6 (1977)F45?++
(Thrombus)
So et al.7 (1979)F47Black++
Wirth et al.8 (1981)F48Black++
M57Black++
So et al.1 (1981)F47?++
(Thrombus)
?????
?????
?????
Morgenlander and Goldstein9 (1991)F34White++
Gironell et al.10 (1995)F29Filipina++, But no FMD was found
Kubis et al.
Patient 1F37Black+
(Thrombus)
Patient 2M44Black
Patient 3M38Black+
(Thrombus)