Table 2.

Smoking history by age, gender, education, and ethnic group

CharacteristicsnSmokers, n (%)
CurrentPastNever
* Denotes a significant difference from the comparison groups in the same category based on chi-square analysis.
† Owing to missing data on educational profile, seven participants were omitted.
‡ There were seven participants who failed to classify themselves as either white, African American, or Hispanic.
Age group, y
65–74648117 (68.4)239 (66.2)292 (55.1)
75–8433449 (28.7)99 (27.4)186 (35.1)
85+805 (2.9)*23 (6.4)52 (9.8)
Gender
Women73089 (52.0)204 (56.5)437 (82.5)
Men33282 (48.0)157 (43.5)93 (17.5)*
Education, y
0–735668 (40.0)121 (33.8)167 (31.7)
8–1128742 (24.7)94 (26.3)151 (28.7)
12+41260 (35.3)143 (39.9)209 (39.7)
Ethnicity
African American34874 (44.3)117 (32.4)157 (29.8)
White25935 (21.0)92 (25.5)132 (25.0)
Hispanic44858 (34.7)152 (42.1)238 (45.2)