Table 1.

Baseline scores on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) according to subtype*

TOAST subtypeNIHSS scores
Total, n0–6 points, n (%)7–15 points, n (%)16–42 points, n (%)
* The Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification was used.
† Also called lacunar infarction.
Large-artery atherosclerosis23076 (33.0)107 (46.5)47 (20.4)
Cardioembolism266103 (38.7)113 (42.5)50 (18.8)
Small-artery occlusion306205 (67.0)99 (32.4)2 (0.7)
Other etiology3017 (56.7)11 (36.7)2 (6.7)
Undetermined etiology436178 (40.8)198 (45.4)60 (13.8)