Table 1.

Baseline characteristics and selected variables of study participants, with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus

CharacteristicDiabetes,* n = 692No diabetes,* n = 5678Adjusted difference (95% CI)p Value
* Values are proportions or means (SD).
† Adjusted for age and sex.
Age, y72.6 (8.8)68.4 (8.6)
Women (%)60.0 (4.2)59.1 (3.7)
Less than 7 years of education, %27.222.4−0.8 (−3.9 to 2.6)0.63
Body mass index, kg/m226.826.20.6 (0.2 to 0.9)<0.001
Waist to hip ratio0.93 (0.09)0.90 (0.09)0.02 (0.02 to 0.03)<0.001
Current smoking, %23.122.93.6 (0.0 to 7.6)0.05
Alcohol intake, g/day11.1 (18.6)10.3 (14.9)1.3 (0.0 to 2.6)0.05
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg147.9 (24.2)138.3 (22.0)6.9 (5.1 to 8.6)<0.001
Hypertension, %50.831.814.6 (3.7 to 26.3)<0.001
Ankle-brachial blood pressure index0.97 (0.3)1.07 (0.2)−0.07 (−0.09 to −0.05)<0.001
ECG myocardial infarction, %13.58.33.5 (1.1 to 6.3)0.002
Atrial fibrillation, %4.02.30.5 (−0.5 to 2.0)0.33
Stroke history, %5.92.42.2 (0.8 to 4.1)<0.001