Table 2.

Local signs and symptoms in 200 carotid dissections with and without ischemic events*

Signs and symptomsIschemic events, n (%)p Value for ischemia vs no ischemia
Yes (n = 145)No (n = 55)
* Carotid dissections occurred in 181 patients.
NS = not significant.
Local signs and symptoms109 (75)40 (73)NS
Headache93 (64)36 (65)NS
Neck pain27 (19)10 (18)NS
Pulsatile tinnitus21 (14)11 (20)NS
Horners’ syndrome40 (28)29 (53)<0.001
Facial nerve palsy (dysgeusia)0 (0)1 (2)NS
Lower cranial nerve palsy6 (4)9 (16)<0.01
Glossopharyngeal nerve3 (2)8 (15)<0.001
Vagal nerve5 (3)8 (15)<0.01
Accessory nerve1 (1)4 (7)<0.01
Hypoglossal nerve2 (1)7 (13)<0.001