Table 1 Main characteristics of the population

CharacteristicsMean ± SD
LEDD = levodopa equivalent daily dose (mg); UPDRS = Unified PD Rating Scale; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination.
50 patients20 women/30 men
Age, y66.2 ± 8.5
Disease duration, y12.7 ± 5.4
Duration of dopatherapy, y10.6 ± 5.2
LEDD811 ± 352
Hoehn & Yahr score “on”2.3 ± 0.9
Hoehn & Yahr score “off”3.8 ± 0.8
Schwab & England “on” (%)78.6 ± 17.0
Schwab & England “off”38.2 ± 19.1
UPDRS II “on” (/52)11.3 ± 7.3
UPDRS II “off”25.4 ± 9.3
UPDRS III “on” (/108)18.5 ± 11.4
UPDRS III “off”44.4 ± 13.4
MMSE (/30)27.1 ± 2.5
Mattis Dementia scale (/144)132 ± 9.8
Beck Depression Inventory (/39)8.1 ± 6.1