Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with postoperative outcome

FactorsRelapsers, % (n)*p valueSeizures/y >1, % (n)p valueAuras, % (n)p value
* Among all patients (n = 175), those who relapsed at any point after surgery.
† Among relapsers (n = 63), those who experienced more than one seizure per year following first relapse.
‡ Among patients who never relapsed (n = 110), those who experienced auras at any point after surgery.
§ Includes seven patients with multilobe resections involving the temporal lobe.
MTS = mesial temporal sclerosis; DPE = duration of preoperative epilepsy.
Gender
    Male34 (31)0.3852 (15)0.7228 (17)0.20
    Female40 (34)47 (16)18 (9)
Side of resection
    Right37 (29)0.9945 (13)0.5116 (8)0.11
    Left37 (36)53 (18)30 (18)
Lobe
    Pure temporal38 (53)0.7048 (25)0.6928 (24)0.058
    Extratemporal§34 (12)55 (6)9 (2)
Pathology
    MTS38 (30)0.8347 (16)0.7238 (18)0.0026
    Non-MTS37 (35)52 (15)13 (8)
    Normal55 (12)0.08175 (9)0.04720 (2)0.76
    Abnormal35 (53)43 (22)24 (24)
    Tumor30 (13)0.2138 (5)0.386 (2)0.0079
    Nontumor40 (52)52 (26)30 (24)
Age at surgery, y
    ≥3046 (33)0.02750 (16)0.8026 (10)0.63
    <3030 (31)47 (14)22 (16)
DPE, y
    ≥2053 (33)0.0005848 (16)0.8045 (13)0.0023
    <2027 (29)52 (14)16 (13)
Age at epilepsy  onset, y
    ≥1036 (31)1.040 (12)0.1219 (10)0.18
    <1036 (31)60 (18)30 (16)