Predictors | Results of Cox proportional hazards model examining relation of potential predictors to risk of relapse, n = 175 | Results of logistic regression model examining relation of potential predictors to risk of auras^{*} when otherwise seizure-free, n = 110 | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

HR^{†} | 95% CI | p value | OR^{†} | 95% CI | p value | ||

* Presence or absence of auras at any point in follow-up among 110 otherwise seizure-free patients. | |||||||

† Simultaneously adjusted for all other variables in the model. | |||||||

‡ Reference for each pathology group is a category combining tumor, developmental, vascular, and other. | |||||||

§ Reference is the extratemporal group, which includes seven patients with multilobe resections involving the temporal lobe. | |||||||

HR = hazard ratio; OR = odds ratio; DPE = duration of preoperative epilepsy; MTS = mesial temporal sclerosis. | |||||||

Age at surgery ≥30 y | 1.61 | 0.89, 2.93 | 0.12 | 0.71 | 0.22, 2.33 | 0.57 | |

DPE ≥20 y | 1.76 | 0.96, 3.22 | 0.069 | 3.55 | 1.06, 11.90 | 0.040 | |

Pathology^{‡} | |||||||

MTS | 1.21 | 0.61, 2.40 | 0.58 | 2.95 | 0.85, 10.25 | 0.089 | |

Normal | 2.38 | 1.06, 5.34 | 0.036 | 1.49 | 0.22, 10.27 | 0.69 | |

Pure temporal lobe^{§} | 0.84 | 0.35, 2.01 | 0.69 | 1.14 | 0.18, 7.33 | 0.89 |