Table 1 Outline of questions included in screening survey and telephone interview

Screening
    ♦ Has your child lived with a dog since seizures began?
    ♦ If yes, did your child average at least 1 seizure/mo during 1 year of this time?
    ♦ Do you feel the dog ever demonstrated specific behavior(s) before, during, or after a seizure?
    ♦ Please complete the following about your dog: gender, size (small [<20 lbs]/medium [20–40 lbs]/large [>40 lbs]), breed.
    ♦ Please complete the following about your child’s seizures: age of child when 1st seizure occurred with dog, gender, seizure type, frequency of seizures (daily/weekly/monthly).
Telephone interview
    ♦ Demographics: child date of birth, developmental level, ambulatory ability.
    ♦ Family: members in household, others with seizures, family history.
    ♦ Seizure history: type or syndrome diagnosis, age at seizure onset, no. of years with epilepsy, type(s) of seizure (listed), duration of average seizure and range of duration, anticonvulsants currently used and failed in past (efficacy and side effects); describe a typical seizure.
    ♦ Dog history: name, gender, breed and American Kennel Club class, size, no. of years with child while having seizures, access of dog to child.
    ♦ Seizure behavior:
        1. How often does this occur (percentage of seizures)?
        2. Does behavior ever occur without a seizure?
        3. Describe behaviors in as much detail as possible (before/during/after).
        4. Which of the following behaviors have you consistently observed (before/during/after): whimpering, crying, barking, growling, bares teeth, hyperactive, hypoactive, jumping, running, circling, pawing, tail wagging, tail between legs, ears down, ears up, licking, sniffing, seeking others, fearful, anxious, aggressive.
        5. Do seizures appear to have an adverse effect on the dog’s health (e.g., stress)?
        6. Has seizure-related behavior ever had an adverse effect on the health of the child, sibling, parent/caregiver, bystander, or anyone else?
        7. How long was the dog exposed to seizures before the behavior was observed?
        8. How old was the dog when they first developed the behaviors?
            If anticipatory behaviors reported:
            1. Estimate the average and range of time between the behavior and the 1st sign of seizure.
            2. Are there any circumstances that prevent the dog from anticipating a seizure? Then list given: night, dark, sleeping, distance, physical barrier, presence of strong smells.
            3. How do you think your dog anticipates a seizure? Then list given: no idea, vision, smell, hearing, other.