Table 3 Prevalence of seronegativity in multiple sclerosis cases and referents

AntibodyProspective*OR95% CIRetrospective*OR95% CI
Cases, n = 73Referents, n = 219Cases, n = 161Referents, n = 483
* Values are percentages.
EBV = Epstein-Barr virus; HSV = herpes simplex virus; VZV = varicella zoster virus; HHV = human herpesvirus.
EBV-EBNA-104.10.240–1.50.65.00.120.0029–0.75
EBV-VCA00.911.20–1601.40.310–2.1
HSV24.618.31.50.73–2.816.819.70.810.48–1.3
VZV9.64.62.20.68–6.61.22.10.600.064–2.8
Measles0000.80.570–4.5
HHV-60000.41.20–16