Table 6 Activities to viruses in multiple sclerosis retrospective samples

AntibodyCategoriesArbitrary unitsPrevalence, %Bivariate analysisMultivariate analysis
CasesReferentsOR95% CIOR95% CI
ORs and 95% CIs estimated in bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.
EBV = Epstein-Barr virus; HSV = herpes simplex virus; VZV = varicella zoster virus; HHV = human herpesvirus.
EBV-EBNA-1Low<1106.233.311
Medium110–14444.133.66.53.2–136.02.9–12
High>14449.733.18.44.1–177.53.6–16
EBV-VCALow26.740.511
Medium42.234.02.01.3–3.21.50.93–2.5
High31.125.52.01.2–3.21.70.96–2.8
HSVLow<7730.433.411
Medium77–12138.533.31.30.82–2.01.30.78–2.0
High>12131.133.31.00.65–1.61.00.60–1.6
VZVLow<4219.933.311
Medium42–5927.333.61.50.88–2.51.20.71–2.2
High>5952.833.13.21.9–5.32.61.5–4.6
MeaslesLow<10921.133.011
Medium109–13336.033.51.71.0–2.71.40.86–2.5
High>13342.933.52.21.3–3.71.91.1–3.3
HHV-6Low<4734.134.211
Medium47–6425.532.50.790.50–1.20.700.42–1.2
High>6440.433.31.20.80–1.91.00.63–1.7