Table 4 MRI in children with cerebral palsy (CP)

a. Overall yield of finding an abnormal MRI scan in children with CP
ReferenceClassNAges, yType of CP% Abnormal
* Etiologies could not be determined in all patients in the studies listed in section a and in some patients more than one category of etiology was given. In some studies there were no data provided as to a specific etiology.
SQ = spastic quadriplegic; M = mixed; SD = spastic diplegic; NA = not available; D = dyskinetic.
Krageloh-Mann et al., 199515I565–17SQ91
Yin et al., 200016I420.25–18M91
Candy et al., 199317II220.25–2.25M77
Okumara et al., 1997, pt 218III1521–19M78
Cioni et al., 199919III911–18.3M100
Jaw et al., 199820III860.33–13M95
Sugimoto et al., 199521III700.75–15M100
Hayakawa et al., 199622III630.5–6SD79
Truwit et al., 199223III400.08–41M93
Yokochi et al., 199124III22NAD68
Total no. of patients644
Mean abnormal MRI89
b. Percent of patients with an abnormal MRI scan based on the type of CP (n = 286)
Mixed (n = 4)100Ataxic (n = 8)75
Quadriplegic (n = 105)98Dyskinetic (n = 10)70
Hemiplegic (n = 50)96Hypotonic (n = 6)67
Diplegic (n = 102)94
c. Classification of timing of injury of CP based on MRI scan abnormalities*
ReferenceClassNType of CP% Prenatal% Perinatal% Postnatal% Unclassifiable
Krageloh-Mann et al., 199515I56SQ1439046
Yin et al., 200016I42M2654318
Cioni et al., 199919III91M5930110
Jaw et al., 199820III86M292838
Sugimoto et al., 199521III70M4437019
Mean values3735415
d. Percent of patients with other etiologies of CP based on MRI and clinical data (n = 682)*
Metabolic0Brain malformation12
Genetic1.4Treatable condition0.1